How to protect yourself
Disclaimer: Senior citizens and people having severe underlying health concerns related to the heart or lungs or diabetic seem to be at higher risk for developing more serious complications from COVID-19 disease.
Insights into How it Spreads
Currently, there is no vaccine to prevent this respiratory virus disease (COVID-19) Coronavirus disease is zoonotic because it can affect all mammals including humans The smartest way to prevent coronavirus disease is to avoid being exposed to this virus The virus is believed to be spread mainly through transmission i.e. spread from one person to another.
- Between people who are in contact with each other (within 6 feet).
- Respiratory droplets produced by an infected person through sneezes or cough
These droplets dispersed in short distance transmit the virus to people in close proximity. Droplets can land in the mouth or nose of a person in close contact or possibly be inhaled into the lungs.
Precautions to protect yourself
Clean your hands frequently
- Wash your hands frequently using soap and water for a minimum of 20 seconds especially after coming from a public place or after cleaning your nose, sneezing, or coughing.
- Use a medical hand sanitizer that contains a minimum of 60% alcohol when you are in a public place. Put 2-3 drops on your palm and rub it on all surfaces of your hands until it dries.
- Avoid rubbing your eyes or touching your nose or mouth with unwashed hands
Avoid close proximity
- Avoid close contact with infected or sick people.
- Keep a 1-meter distance between you and the people around, if COVID-19 is spreading in your locality. People having low immune systems or any chronic medical conditions should take special precautions.
Wear face mask
Irrespective of whether you are sick or infected, you should wear a face mask in public places and workplaces. Sick or infected people should wear a mask to avoid spreading the virus to others. If you are not sick or infected, you wear it to avoid being exposed to viruses. Infected people who have a problem in breathing can avoid wearing a mask but should cover their face appropriately while coughing and sneezing so that respiratory droplets will not affect others in close contact.
Maintain cleanliness and disinfect
- Clean and disinfect all the frequently touched surfaces like table, doorknobs, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, light switches, countertops, toilets, sinks, and faucets daily.
- Use detergent or soap and water to clean the dirty surfaces prior to disinfection.