Older Adults & Medical Conditions
Who is at high risk for getting affected?
As per report from China, where COVID-19 was first diagnosed, some people are at a higher risk of getting exposed to COVID-19. This includes:
People having concerns related to lungs or heart
Get ready to take an action now
If you are at a higher risk of being exposed to COVID-19 because of the age factor or chronic health concerns or prolong diseases, it is vital for you to take action now to reduce it.
- Stock up all household items and required medication
- Maintain a safe distance from others
- Stay away from sick people, restrict close contact, and wash your hands frequently
- Avoid going to crowded places
- Avoid traveling through bus, train, flights, and cruise
- If there is an outbreak of COVID-19 in your locality, stay at home as much as possible
Stock up all necessities
- Stock up enough grocery and household items and required medication with consultation from doctors, if there is an outbreak of COVID-19 in your community. You may have to be isolated at home for a prolonged period of time.
- If you can not get extra medications, order them on the phone or online.
- Have over-the-counter medicines for fever, cough, and other symptoms and medical supplies like facemasks, tissues, sanitizers, and others. People having mild symptoms of COVID-19 can recover at home.
Take regular precautions
- Avoid close contact with sick people
- Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for a minimum of 20 seconds, especially after cleaning nose, cough, sneezing and after public exposure.
- Use a medical hand sanitizer that contains a minimum of 60% alcohol when you are in a public place. Put 2-3 drops on your palm and rub it on all surfaces of your hands until it dries.
- Avoid rubbing your eyes or touching your nose or mouth with unwashed hands.
- Avoid touching high-touch surfaces like elevator buttons, door handles, handrails, handshaking and more in public places. Use a tissue or sleeves to cover your hand while touching high-touch surfaces. Clean the hand with sanitizer immediately.
- Regularly clean and disinfect all the high-touched surfaces like phone, remote control, table, doorknobs, handles, desks, light switches, bathroom fixtures, countertops, toilets, faucets, & sinks.
- Avoided crowded and poorly ventilated areas as risk of getting exposed to COVID-19 in these areas are high.
- Avoid traveling by bus, train, flights, and cruise ships.
If COVID-19 is spreading in your locality
Take special precautions and keep 6 feet distance from others to reduce the risk of getting exposed to viruses.
- Prefer to stay at home.
- Stock up household requirements with the help of family members, social or commercial networks.
- The outbreak of coronavirus in your locality may last for a long time. Depending on the seriousness in your locality, public health officials may suggest precautions to be taken to reduce the risk of being exposed to respiratory viruses.
Prepare in advance
- Stock up on all medical supplies in advance (with the consultation of a doctor, wherever applied).
- Stay in touch with relatives, neighbors, family doctors by email or phone.
- Figure out the caregiver who can care for you if you are sick.
Observe symptoms and emergency warning signs
Observe symptoms like fever, cough, trouble breathing. If you witness these symptoms, call your doctor immediately for medical advice.
If you develop emergency warning signs for COVID-19, visit the nearest healthcare center immediately for treatment. In the case of adults, emergency warning signs include:
- Trouble breathing or shortness in breath
- Continuous pain or pressure in the chest
- Dry coughing persistently
- Bluish lips or face
- New confusion or difficulty to arouse
These are just a few guidelines. Consult your doctor for any other symptoms that are serious or a concern.
Steps to be taken if you get sick
- Isolate at home and call the healthcare provider
- Inform the healthcare provider about the symptoms you are observing. This will help them to provide proper advice and medication to you.
- You can recover at home itself unless you have serious concerns.
- Get insights into when to get emergency help.
- Get medical attention immediately if you have emergency warnings mentioned above.
1. Community support
- Community should preplan precautions regarding COVID-19 for senior citizens and disable individuals. Organizations should meet their needs while planning for precautions.
- Many of them already live in old age homes, disability care centers, and orphanages and may depend on the support and services to maintain their health and recover.
- Long-term care facilities should be vigilant to avoid getting exposed to viruses and in case infected, then quick recovery from it.
2. Family and caregiver support
- Get information about what medication your closed ones are taking and figure out if any extra help you can provide.
- Monitor their food and medical requirements, and create a back-up plan.
- Stock up all non-perishable food items to reduce the public gathering in malls and departmental stores.